Steam Well LLC
2366 Golden Mile Hwy. #125
Pittsburgh, PA 15239
We sell steam generators, boilers and related equipment for enhanced oil recovery.
We also do consulting for the steam injection process.
We have boilers that use produced water for steam generation.
It is good practice to determine your fuel costs for oil recovery.
Some large diesel or electric powered units have very high fuel costs when
compared to the price of fuel to the number of barrels of oil recovered.
Costs below are based on "estimated" fuel prices
Natural gas and heavy oil typically have the lowest fuel cost per barrel of oil. (5:1)*
Examples: NG at $9.00/ MCF is about $20.00 fuel cost per barrel of oil recovered
Diesel fuel at $2.20 gallon is about $34.00 fuel cost per barrel of oil recovered
Heavy oil at $65/bbl is about $20.00 fuel cost per barrel of oil recovered
Propane at $2.00/G is about $44.00 fuel cost per barrel of oil recovered.
Electricity at $.09/kwh is about $48.00 power cost per barrel of oil recovered
* note: a 5:1 ratio is 5 bbls of cold water converted to steam injected per 1 bbl of oil recovered.
Lower steam to oil recovered ratios will lower the fuel cost.
Recover oil with steam
Enhanced oil recovery
Cyclic or Huff n Puff
Inject steam into an oil well until
pressure builds up to heat the oil
to allow for pumping recovery.
Pictured above is steam flooding.
After several Cyclic injections and
oil recovery decreases, one of the central
wells is designated as the injection well.
Steam is injected and the oil is pushed
to outer wells surrounding the injection well.
These outer wells are the producing wells.
Pictured above is a once through steam
Steam pressure, steam temperature,
steam flow rates and steam quality are critical
for the successful recovery of oil.
U.S. Department of Energy facts
�� Most heavy oil recovery is by thermal methods,
including steam injection and, to a lesser extent, insitu
combustion, and cyclic steam injection.
�� Thermal technologies have been applied to produce
heavy oil resource in shallow (less than 3,000 feet)
reservoirs, particularly in California.
�� These technologies have generally been applied to
large fields that can achieve higher return on
investment due to lower costs per barrel of
incremental oil recovered.
�� Efficient thermal EOR technology could enable
nearly two-thirds of the resource in-place to be
recoverable from favorable shallow heavy oil
�� Additional production of up to 500,000 Bbl/d is
possible with further development of the resource.
�� Proven technology is applicable to nearly half of
the remaining resource (shallower than 3000 feet).
�� New technology is required to address resources
deeper than 3000 feet and the more shallow but
environmentally-sensitive Arctic resources.
Thermal Enhanced Oil
Recovery (EOR) Market 2015-2025: Oil Sands and Heavy Oil CAPEX, OPEX and
LONDON, Dec. 23, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Report Details
recovery (EOR) technologies are used to increase the amount of oil extracted
from an oil field after the primary and secondary production stages. The
technologies play on the physics of how oil is trapped in the rocks and are
primarily aimed at either decreasing the interfacial forces holding the oil in
pores within the rock formation, reducing the viscosity difference between the
oil and water phases or modifying the reservoir and oil properties to release
the oil more easily.
Thermal methods of
EOR entail the application of heat to the oil well. This acts to lower the
viscosity of the oil and thus increase the mobility ratio. These methods are
typically employed in relatively shallow oil wells with higher viscosity such
as tar sands and heavy oil. Thermal methods of EOR have been highly successful
in the US, Canada, Venezuela and Indonesia, and have also
been used in China and Brazil. Within the US,
thermal methods account for around 40% of EOR production.
calculated that 2015 global thermal EOR spending will be $23.972bn.
A significant amount of spending is anticipated
in the immediate future as a wave of thermal oil sands projects are carried out.